Etiketler

Business Intelligence Assignment 1

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  SAP-ERP Systems Applications and Products (SAP) is an effective tool of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) in Data Processing. It is developed by the German company, and today, it is widely used across the world, as the most effective business management software tool. Today, because of complexities involved in business operations, customers' increasing expectations from the product and the services of the organization and ever increasing competition and operating costs, most of the medium to large scale organizations use this centralized enterprise management system, SAP-ERP, which is an answer to all their problems and issues.   An organization has several departments, like sales, marketing, production planning, HR, Finance & Accounts, Inventory or Warehousing (with Receiving section and Dispatch Section) Manufacturing, Quality Assurance and Research & Development. All the operations of these departments are linked together towards accomplishme.....

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Assignment 2 (DL Week 2)

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There are three known theoretical approaches to collaboration ( cooperation ) and competition studies : Cognitive – Developmental Behavioral Learning Social ( Mutual ) Interdependence The subject that we will be most interested in among these three emerges as Social ( Mutual ) Interdependence. Originally, this theory has emerged as the most researched and produced theory. There are two types of interdependence: positive and negative. At this point, the positive title indicates cooperation, and the negative title directly indicates competitive dependency. Lack of mutual dependence (social interdependence) reveals individualistic efforts. The main basis of the theory of social interdependence is that the type of interdependence structured in a situation determines how individuals interact with each other and determine the results in the conclusion. In fact, it is possible to examine the effects of the type of social interdependence according to the behavior.....

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Assignment 1.2 (DL Week 1)

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How to Use Organizational Structure and Culture to Compete in Business? There is no single way to compete efficiently with our competitors. There’re options for different sizes and types of companies.    If we are a company that operates in one specific location or provides only one product or service, we’d better adopt the functional structure. The functional structure increases our operational speed and clarity. Because we have employees that are specialized for one job. Everyone’s job is clearly defined.    If we provide different products and services or are a multinational company we need to adopt a divisional structure. Different divisions can focus on their local market, target customer group or production of their product. It is hard to control these divisions from one center.   A company:   Can prefer the product structure if it provides different products to the market. So it’ll have diffe.....

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Assignment 1 (DL Week 1)

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Organizational structure is one of the key factors that play a role in the success and stable growth of a company. Each employee and working environment is different. The characteristics of each individual and group within the organization can affect the success of the business. Successful and professional managers know how to influence and guide different groups and individuals within the organizational structure.   Organizational Structure The organizational structure can be classified by:   • Size, sector, ownership   • Public or private business   • Profit-oriented or non-profit oriented business   • Production or service based business   • Partnership or singular relationships   • Formal - informal   • Legal and illegal   Successful companies make the best use of the organizational structure to both facilitate the production process and h.....

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Assignment 3 (DL Week 3)

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Contingency theory; It is an approach that defends that there is no definite "truth" in any institution, organization, company or organizational structure. With a more academic definition, Contingency Theory is a behavioral theory that claims that there is no single best way to design organizational structures. Being able to organize and manage the organization depends on the internal and external situation of a company. The prudent approach to organizational design adapts the company's design to the sources of environmental uncertainties faced by the organization. The important thing is to design an organizational structure in which environmental uncertainties can function effectively and efficiently, so earlier theories such as Weber's bureaucracy theory and Taylor's scientific management approach fail because of the possibility factors of effective management styles and organizational structures in various aspects of the environment. dispute that he was aff.....

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Assignment 6 (DL Week 9)

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Answer and discuss the following questions based on Chapter 10: Types and Forms of Organizational Change.   1. Discuss the resistance to change at the organization and individual levels that you will likely encounter.   Answer: Resistance to change at the organization level   There is a chance of threat and change in power structure due to change so top management thinks the relatively rigid form will safer for him and organization.   Change is resistance while rigidity is favored due to stability   Resource and knowledge constraint: As some typical organization faces such constraint it resistant to change.   There is a lack of sufficient knowledge regarding the required change, so it exerts inertia to change.   The sunk cost associated with the change   At individual level   Job security: fear to lose the job   change is the working environment due to change it exerts .....

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Assignment 5 (DL Week 7)

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How should an organization design its structure and culture to obtain a core competence in manufacturing and in research and development? An organization develops a strategy to increase the value it can create for its stakeholder profitability. Value is anything that satisfies the need and desire of organization stakeholder. Stakeholder wants a company to set goal and develop action plan that maximize the long term profitability of that company and value of their stock. That’s why compnay creates core competencies to satisfy the stakeholder needs and wants. Core competencies are unique skills that creates value through activities, such as manufacturing, marketing and R&D that allow a company to achieve superior efficiency, quality and innovation. Core competencies also help the companies to gain competitive advantage over their rivalry firm. An organization should design its organizational structure and culture in such a way that it creates value to all the sta.....

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Assignment 4_2 (DL Week 5)

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How do the product division structure and the multidivisional structure differ?   Out of all factors of production such as land, labor, capital and organization along with manpower organizaton is considered to be one of the prime source for existence of the business. The effective working of the organizations can be improved through well designed structure. Structure is defined as an outline of duties fort he proper division of workforce. The organizational structure is segmented into functional structure, divisional structure, product structure, matrix structure, hybrid structure and network structure. There is quite difference between product division and multi divisional structure are as follows which helps the organization in improving the future objectives. Product structure is that which concentrates the core product of the organization. Whereas, multi divisional structure highlights the overall performance of the products existing in the organization. .....

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Assignment 4_1 (DL Week 5)

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1 ) As organizations grow and differentiate, what problems can arise with a functional structure? Functional Organizational structure comprises of two types of Chain of command’. One is given by the Line managers to achieve Organizational goals while the other is given by the Staff managers who provide guidance, advice and support to the Line managers to achieve such goals. So in this regard, when Organizations grow and expand; so does the managers at the higher levels. Hence there could be are various limitations when an Organization adapts Functional Structure when growing and differentiating such as: There is a breach of Principle of unity of command as the subordinate receives orders from both, Line and Staff managers, resulting to confusion while executing the orders. The differentiation idea of the Line and Staff managers might also be difficult to concur with each other. It further adds to the complicated state of execution of commands. Ineffectiveness re.....

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ILE282: ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT (3rd Assignment)

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Question # 3.1 Which type of organizational structure is best suited for developing a new product which requires a high level of specialization in several functions and the time to market represents a critical factor?   I think that the best approach for developing a new product is by forming a concurrent team, and the steps to be taken are as follows: 1) Choosing team members of high specializations in the major functions. 2) Defining objectives. 3) Allocating budget for the mission. 4) Setting timelines        Answer: Functional organization: Functional is highly specialized Each department is highly skilled as all specialists are grouped together It is best for new products and small firms, oldest and easiest to manage Good for new products Decision making is fast and of high quality     Question # 3.2 A materials manager suspects that the quality of work being done within his depart.....

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